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Outline and Draft_Argumentative


How can you figure out what you want to say, and how to say it in the most compelling and convincing way possible?
Find a way to organize your thoughts about the issue, and the supporting evidence you have collected. Use the writing process to construct your first draft.

Time To Complete 

2-5 Hours

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.W.5
  • CCRA.W.8

I Can Statements 

  • I can
    • produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (6-8.WHST.4)
    • with some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (6-8.WHST.5)
  • I will know my draft is of high quality when it:
    • Approaches the requirements for the assignment in terms of content, format, and length
    • It considers the needs of purpose and audience
    • Is clear and coherent (a complete draft)
    • Provides a logical progression of ideas

Suggestions for Assessing Student Readiness to Move Forward:

  • Confer with students, reviewing their drafts first for ideas, details, and organization to ensure they meet the requirements of the assignment, purpose, and audience.
  • Ask students to use rubrics/checklists to self-assess their work and develop a plan for revision.



Possible Activities 
  1. Offer students a chance to look at exemplars, this time with the purpose of identifying structure, transition words, thesis or position construction, and the conclusion. Students may code the text to highlight these sections, use a rubric to give feedback on the papers, or design an outline checklist for their draft.

  2. Model the outlining and drafting process through think-alouds on how you organize your notes, then begin to draft. You might want to try multiple leads or organizations and ask students to evaluate what they find most effective and why.

  3. Set up writing centers with specific supports or lessons based on student need (position creation, transition words, or citations) to allow students to work in different writing partnerships or peer edits.


Resources for the writing process


Downloadable Resources 
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