Grade-Level Expectations

Definition 

What competency/mastery/proficiency of the competencies looks like at a specific grade level or performance level. Also called Grade-Level Descriptors and Grade-Level Indicators.

Features 

  • Advancement on Mastery
  • Learning Outcomes

Designer's Tips 

"Defining grade-level or performance-level expectations will be a critical step in the development of your model because performance descriptors chart out the pathway toward college and career readiness, making transparent what mastery of a competency looks like at each step in the learning progression. For some mastery-based models, performance-level descriptors for all competencies at all performance levels are what make up the rubrics for scoring, feedback, and evaluation of student work.
First and foremost, build on the progress that has been made in the field. Rather than reinvent the wheel, adopt the best examples you can find and revise them over time to meet your needs. There is a growing number of exemplary models of performance descriptors for competencies across subject areas.
Also, consider working toward developing descriptors that are in student-facing language."

Tips for a Short Implementation Time-Line 

The PARCC PLD's are potentially useful: they are aligned to the Common Core Standards and the PARCC Assessments: http://www.parcconline.org/plds. Similar (but homegrown) PLD's would need to be created for Science and Social Studies...and at some point, the Arts and World Languages.

Curated Resources: This collection of resources from the field includes models and exemplars, as well as “DIY” guidance to facilitate your exploration of this term. 

Great Schools Partnership: Assessment Verification

Description 

In this section of the Great Schools Partnership website, district and school designers will find guidance on what to assess, how to assess it, and how to verify and report student proficiency in relation to standards. Given that many mastery learning schools often struggle with the purpose of homework and how to structure it, the GSP' tool on how to use homework in a proficiency-based environment may prove particularly helpful.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

Great Schools Partnership

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets

Making Mastery Accessible--Grading Policy Guide

Description 

Developing a grading policy is a key step toward solidifying and communicating a mastery learning system to stakeholders. Our Grading Policy Design Guide details the must-haves for setting up a coherent and comprehensive system to support and track mastery learning. Because so many schools operate within states and districts that are organized around the Carnegie Unit, the guide also provides a set of recommendations and workarounds to address the particular tensions that arise from this circumstance.

Authors 

Antonia Rudenstine

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

reDesign

Type of Organization 

  • reDesign

Terms 

Grading Policy
Graduation Plan
Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Promotion Plan
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Exhibitions
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

Progress and Proficiency: Redesigning Grading for Competency Education

Description 

This iNACOL Issue Brief provides an overview of grading in a competency-based system. Readers will find that this Brief identifies problems with traditional grading systems, explores alternatives, presents lessons from the field, and offers a glimpse of reforms on the leading edge. It is a helpful resource for practitioners working to understand the landscape as a whole.

Authors 

Chris Sturgis

Resource Type 

  • Report

Publishing Organization 

iNACOL

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets