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Grading & Reporting System

Definition 

The practices, policies and templates that a school uses to (1) determine students' level of mastery; (2) articulate promotion and graduation standards; (3) determine students' eligibility for promotion and graduation; (4) report student progress to students, families, staff, and outside stakeholders.

Features 

  • Timely Support

Designer's Tips 

"The development of the grading and reporting system has to occur at a very particular time in your design work: it should not happen before the academic program is developed in alignment to competencies. At the same time, it has to be ready for implementation before students arrive. All too often, designers do not addresses this until well into a school year, and then they realize that students and families have no idea how assessment works.

Explore our featured tool, Building a Mastery-based Grading Policy, which offers a comprehensive guide to creating your mastery-based grading policy."

Tips for a Short Implementation Time-Line 

In a short-timeline, it's probably best to borrow and adapt from existing models, rather than create something from scratch. In the beginning, the goal is to help students, families and staff members become used to the idea of a proficiency-based or competency-based assessment system. Once this hurdle is cleared, the system can evolve into one that is more customized and mission-driven.

Curated Resources: This collection of resources from the field includes models and exemplars, as well as “DIY” guidance to facilitate your exploration of this term. 

BDEA Common Grading Protocols

Description 

This one-page guide defines the school-wide rating system or 'ranks' for courses at Boston Day and Evening Academy. The resource also illustrates how the school's ranks correspond to the Carnegie Unit-driven letter grades and grade point averages used by Boston Public Schools. As designers create a mastery learning system, this type of simple reference guide can provide parents, students, and new faculty with much needed clarity regarding assessment practices.

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Boston Day and Evening Academy

Type of Organization 

  • School or District

Terms 

Grade Composition
Grade Reports
Graduation Plan
Promotion Plan
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

Getting Up to Speed on Proficiency-Based Grading

Description 

This blog post provides links to a curated collection of resources addressing various aspects of grading within a mastery learning system, including a video discussion between a Casco Bay teacher and student. The resource will be especially helpful to designers who want to introduce this approach to stakeholders, or who want to quickly learn more about mastery learning.

Authors 

Chris Sturgis

Resource Type 

  • Blog Post

Publishing Organization 

CompetencyWorks

Type of Organization 

  • Government Organization
  • Intermediary or Management Organization

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Rating System
Scoring Rubrics
Grading & Reporting System

Great Schools Partnership: Assessment Verification

Description 

In this section of the Great Schools Partnership website, district and school designers will find guidance on what to assess, how to assess it, and how to verify and report student proficiency in relation to standards. Given that many mastery learning schools often struggle with the purpose of homework and how to structure it, the GSP' tool on how to use homework in a proficiency-based environment may prove particularly helpful.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

Great Schools Partnership

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets

Great Schools Partnership: Grading + Reporting

Description 

In this section of the Great Schools Partnership website, school leaders and teachers will find detailed guidance on developing a proficiency-based grading and reporting system. The site also provides a host of tools, including an exemplar transcript which may be helpful to those seeking to translate proficiency based "grades" to a Carnegie Unit-based transcript.

Resource Type 

  • Website

Publishing Organization 

Great Schools Partnership

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Grading & Reporting System

Making Mastery Accessible--Grading Policy Guide

Description 

Developing a grading policy is a key step toward solidifying and communicating a mastery learning system to stakeholders. Our Grading Policy Design Guide details the must-haves for setting up a coherent and comprehensive system to support and track mastery learning. Because so many schools operate within states and districts that are organized around the Carnegie Unit, the guide also provides a set of recommendations and workarounds to address the particular tensions that arise from this circumstance.

Authors 

Antonia Rudenstine

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

reDesign

Type of Organization 

  • reDesign

Terms 

Grading Policy
Graduation Plan
Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Promotion Plan
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Exhibitions
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

Progress and Proficiency: Redesigning Grading for Competency Education

Description 

This iNACOL Issue Brief provides an overview of grading in a competency-based system. Readers will find that this Brief identifies problems with traditional grading systems, explores alternatives, presents lessons from the field, and offers a glimpse of reforms on the leading edge. It is a helpful resource for practitioners working to understand the landscape as a whole.

Authors 

Chris Sturgis

Resource Type 

  • Report

Publishing Organization 

iNACOL

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets

SFF Student Progress Report

Description 

This is an example of how one competency-based and personalized learning model uses its own student reporting system to keep students, staff, and families in the feedback loop.

Authors 

Nora Priest, Antonia Rudenstine, & Ephraim Weisstein

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Schools for the Future

Type of Organization 

  • Government Organization
  • Intermediary or Management Organization

Terms 

Grading & Reporting System

Understanding Sanborn's Grading and Reporting System: A Guide for Parents & Students

Description 

Sanborn (New Hampshire) Regional High School developed this guide for students and parents to provide a detailed explanation of how students are graded and progress within Sanborn's mastery-based system. Included is a sample report card, which other schools and designers may be able to use as a model.

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Sanborn School District

Type of Organization 

  • School or District

Terms 

Graduation Plan
Promotion Plan
Rating System
Formative Assessment
Summative Assessment
Grading & Reporting System

Toxic Grading Practices

Description 

This video polemic by Doug Reeves highlights much of what is wrong with traditional grading practices and the thinking that underlies them. From handing out zeros to eliminating the possibility of improving one's work, Reeves skewers the status quo and provides effective alternatives. The video can be useful to share with families, students, and faculty who are new to mastery learning, and the new grading pracitces it requires.. 

Authors 

Douglas Reeves

Resource Type 

  • Video

Publishing Organization 

Assessment & Evaluation Symposium

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Grade Composition
Grade Reports
Promotion Plan
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

BDEA Competency Tracking System

Description 

A look at Boston Day and Evening Academy's homegrown digital mastery-learning tracking system system. Presented as a set of screenshots, without text, this document provides a glimpse into how BDEA integrates competencies, benchmark tracking, and reporting.

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Boston Day and Evening Academy

Type of Organization 

  • School or District

Terms 

Grade Composition
Grade Reports
Graduation Plan
Promotion Plan
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

School District of Philadelphia Competency Toolkit

Description 

The School District of Philadelphia's created this Toolkit to support their comptency-based education efforts. It features resources and tools designed around its six essentials for mastery learning: Learning Targets, Scoring Rubrics, Performance-Based Assessments, Promotion Policy, Transparent Data Display, and Personalized Learning Experiences.

Authors 

Sydney Schaef

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

School District of Philadelphia

Type of Organization 

  • School or District

Terms 

Graduation Plan
Promotion Plan
Competencies
Rating System
Scoring Rubrics
Competency-Based Education (CBE)
Mastery Learning
Proficiency-Based Education (PBE)
Grading & Reporting System

Nutmeg Education

Description 

Nutmeg Education is a free tool for teachers to create formative and summative assessments tied to the Common Core State Standards. Teachers select the grade level and standard, then add test items from a bank of questions. Students recieve feedback on their performance, along with practice questions and links to resources, while teachers get reports of student performance.

Resource Type 

  • Website

Publishing Organization 

Nutmeg Education

Type of Organization 

  • For-Profit

Terms 

Formative Assessment
Summative Assessment
Grading & Reporting System

Naviance Individual Learning Plans

Description 

The success planning tools in Naviance allow students and school staff members to set goals and create tangible, action-oriented, and personalized plans that focus students on the future. Students can contribute to this plan by creating to-dos and marking items as completed. Naviance is included as an example of an individual learning plan. Schools should similar tools before buying it or any other digital resource. Ed Surge and other organizations provide consumer friendly reviews many of these tools.

Resource Type 

  • Website

Publishing Organization 

Naviance

Type of Organization 

  • For-Profit

Terms 

Student Agency
Grading & Reporting System

Summit Public Schools PLP

Description 

This series of videos present Summit Public School's school model, which is centers around student agency and self-direction.

Resource Type 

  • School-Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Summit Public Schools/FSG

Type of Organization 

  • Government Organization
  • Intermediary or Management Organization

Terms 

Graduation Plan
Promotion Plan
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

Technology Combinations Case Studies

Description 

This resource, developed by 2revolutions, provides snapshots of how schools and networks are using technology to accelerate transformation. Schools discuss such issues as managing 1:1 computer environments, selecting a Learning Management System, and connecting to students and parents through technology.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

2Revolutions

Type of Organization 

  • For-Profit

Terms 

Grade Composition
Grade Reports
Student Information System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Management System (LMS)

Techonology Combinations for Competency-Based Education

Description 

This 2revoultions designed resource provides an overview of how different technology-based systems can be used in concert to support competency-based education models. Potential combinations of tools are described and rated using a set of clear criteria, helping educators evaluate products such as PowerSchool, Genius SIS, Jumprope, Edmodo, Blackboard Learn, and Show Evidence. Though new products are constantly launched, this resource can help one get oriented in a field that is rapidly advancing, this resource can help one get oriented to the current players.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

2Revolutions

Type of Organization 

  • For-Profit

Terms 

Grade Composition
Grade Reports
Student Information System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Management System (LMS)

Great Schools Partnership: Selecting an On-Line Grading & Reporting System: Rubric to guide decision-making

Description 

This Great Schools Partnership-designed tool provides a helpful list of questions to ask when comparing and evaluating online grading and reporting systems for use in a mastery learning school. It can assist educators in identifying and prioritizing features, since no single system is likely to be a perfect solution.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

Great Schools Partnership

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Grade Conversion
Grade Reports
Performance-Based Grading
Rating System
Scoring Rubrics
Competency-Based Education (CBE)
Grading & Reporting System

Re-engineering Information Technology

Description 

This issue brief lays out the design considerations for the next generation of information technology systems to support mastery learning systems. Technical characteristics of this student-centered approach that must be built into the information systems include a) providing transparency into what students know and need to accomplish, b) robust user tracking and reporting of performance, c) differentiated instruction and curriculum, and d) options on how students can demonstrate learning.

Authors 

Liz Glowa

Resource Type 

  • Report

Publishing Organization 

iNACOL, CompetencyWorks

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Student Information System
Blended Learning
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Management System (LMS)

Tech. Tools Lag our Competency-Based Aspirations

Description 

As the title makes clear, this blog post discusses the current mismatch between what mastery learning system designers need, and what tech developers are currently producing. It describes how even the most innovative products are generally too limited in scope, too tied to old models of assessment and grading, or fail to fully integrate the assessment, grading, tracking and programming components that are highly interdependent in personalized, mastery learning schools. 

Authors 

Julia Freeland

Resource Type 

  • Blog Post

Publishing Organization 

CompentencyWorks

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Student Information System
Rating System
Scoring Rubrics
Blended Learning
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Management System (LMS)

SFF: How SFF Works: Advancement & Grading

Description 

Schools for the Future is an ungraded high school with four performance levels: Core 1 (students with skills below a 7th grade level); Core 2 (students with skills in the 7-9th grade span); Transitions (students working on 10th-11th grade skills and knowledge); and Pathways (college preparation). This document describes advancement and grading within this system.

Authors 

Nora Priest, Antonia Rudenstine, Ephraim Weisstein

Resource Type 

  • School Developed Resources

Publishing Organization 

Schools for the Future

Type of Organization 

  • Intermediary or Management Organization

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Promotion Plan
Scoring Rubrics
Grading & Reporting System