Performance Indicators

Definition 

A student-friendly description of what students will be able to do once they have mastered competencies or performance outcomes. These can be pegged to specific performance levels or to an overall description of mastery. See Performance-Level Indicators, Grade-Level Descriptors, Grade-level Expectations and Grade-Level Indicators.

Features 

  • Advancement on Mastery
  • Competencies
  • Learning Outcomes
  • Meaningful Assessment

Designer's Tips 

"Grade-level or performance-level descriptors will be a critical piece of your model because they chart out the pathway toward college and career readiness, making transparent what mastery of a competency looks like at each step in the learning progression. For some mastery-based models, performance-level descriptors for all competencies at all performance levels are what make up the rubrics for scoring, feedback, and evaluation of student work.

First and foremost, build on the progress that has been made in the field. Rather than reinvent the wheel, adopt the best examples of performance indicators you can find and revise them over time to meet your needs. Most nationally valued standard sets now have performance descriptors along with them, at least for grade level bands, that help describe the target of proficiency, and there are a growing number of exemplary models that have built upon and expanded these performance descriptors for competencies across subject areas."

Tips for a Short Implementation Time-Line 

If you like Asia Society's global vision and mission, the I Can's are strong and adoption-ready. If not, you might decide to wait before developing I Can's or PI's. They can wait until the rest of the system is a bit more developed before layering these on.

Curated Resources: This collection of resources from the field includes models and exemplars, as well as “DIY” guidance to facilitate your exploration of this term. 

Great Schools Partnership: Assessment Verification

Description 

In this section of the Great Schools Partnership website, district and school designers will find guidance on what to assess, how to assess it, and how to verify and report student proficiency in relation to standards. Given that many mastery learning schools often struggle with the purpose of homework and how to structure it, the GSP' tool on how to use homework in a proficiency-based environment may prove particularly helpful.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

Great Schools Partnership

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets

Making Mastery Accessible--Grading Policy Guide

Description 

Developing a grading policy is a key step toward solidifying and communicating a mastery learning system to stakeholders. Our Grading Policy Design Guide details the must-haves for setting up a coherent and comprehensive system to support and track mastery learning. Because so many schools operate within states and districts that are organized around the Carnegie Unit, the guide also provides a set of recommendations and workarounds to address the particular tensions that arise from this circumstance.

Authors 

Antonia Rudenstine

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

reDesign

Type of Organization 

  • reDesign

Terms 

Grading Policy
Graduation Plan
Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Promotion Plan
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Exhibitions
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System

Progress and Proficiency: Redesigning Grading for Competency Education

Description 

This iNACOL Issue Brief provides an overview of grading in a competency-based system. Readers will find that this Brief identifies problems with traditional grading systems, explores alternatives, presents lessons from the field, and offers a glimpse of reforms on the leading edge. It is a helpful resource for practitioners working to understand the landscape as a whole.

Authors 

Chris Sturgis

Resource Type 

  • Report

Publishing Organization 

iNACOL

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Performance-Based Grading
Proficiency-Based Grading
Grade-Level Descriptors
Grade-Level Expectations
Grade-Level Indicators
Performance-Level Indicators
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Grading & Reporting System
Learning Progressions
Learning Targets

Asia Society Global Leadership Performance Outcomes, I Can Statements, Rubrics

Description 

This exemplar comptency documents linked here, developed by the Asia Socienty, focuses on Global Leadership. Included are rationales, "I can" statements, performance outcomes, and rubrics for students in grades 5, 8, 10, and 12. Designers will find these models helpful for their own work developing competencies and supporting documents.

Resource Type 

  • Tool

Publishing Organization 

Asia Society

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Competencies
Performance Outcomes
Learning Expectations
I Can Statements
Performance Indicators
Rating System
Scoring Rubrics

Value Rubric Development Project

Description 

This is a set of 16 rubrics developed by the Association of American Colleges & Universities. They include Critical Thinking, Analysis and Inquiry, Creative Thinking, and Problem Solving. These are very strong rubrics that clearly identify the ways of thinking that are required for success in liberal arts colleges. They can be a strong starting point for schools looking to develop competencies and learning outcomes that are college- and career-aligned.

Resource Type 

  • Website

Publishing Organization 

Association of American Colleges and Universities

Type of Organization 

  • Non-Profit

Terms 

Competencies
Performance Outcomes
Learning Expectations
Learning Outcomes
Performance Indicators
Rating System

Is your team identifying essential learning targets?

Description 

Bill Ferrier discusses the importance and the challenge of writing effective learning targets for students. The blog post also provides some models and helpful tools to support learning target development.

Authors 

Bill Ferriter

Resource Type 

  • Blog Post

Publishing Organization 

The Tempered Radical

Type of Organization 

  • Government Organization
  • Intermediary or Management Organization

Terms 

Competencies
I Can Statements
Performance Indicators
Learning Targets