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Engineering Design

Description 

The Engineering Design Performance Task Guide introduces the process of design thinking to students by guiding them through the steps of developing a new product or system to meet a need or solve a problem using the engineering design process.

Design thinking is not only a creative problem-solving process — it’s a powerful tool that can help shape students’ ways of thinking about and approaching problems they observe in their communities and in the world. Design thinking has become a movement that spans disciplines, with applications in nearly all fields: from software development to manufacturing, from architectural design to health care services. Design projects are highly engaging for learners, and provide the opportunity for learners to experience a structured and disciplined process for analyzing problems, conducting research, generating evidence-based ideas, and testing and refining solutions.

 

Opportunities for Student Choice 

Student choice can be encouraged in a number of ways. Students can choose the problem they will address and the potential solutions. Throughout the process, students have the opportunity to make decisions about their product, including structural, material, and aesthetic aspects.

Authentic Task 

The engineering design process is used in many STEM-related fields, such as industrial, manufacturing, architectural, and software design. Because design thinking can be used to find solutions across many disciplines, design processes in general are applicable in nearly all fields.

Opportunities for Exhibition to an Audience 

Because the engineering design process is iterative, there are opportunities for students to engage potential users of their products or systems at all stages of development, from gathering survey data, to testing prototypes, to displaying finished products as part of an ”inventors’ showcase.” Students can record their design process and create films or other displays to share their development work.

Downloadable Resources 
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Explore The Engineering Design Process_ED

What is the Engineering Design Process?
Develop a clear enough understanding of the engineering design process to be able to explain your understanding to others.
 

Common Core Standards Assessed: ELA.RST.1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9

Time To Complete 

1-3 Hours

Engineering Design Performance Tasks Rubric

What are the expectations for this performance task?  

Each performance task has a single-point rubric, which lays out the expectations for college-and career-ready performance. This type of rubric allows teachers to provide specific, focused feedback without limiting students’ creativity or putting a ceiling on their...

Identify An Engineering Challenge_ED

What problem will we solve?
Finding opportunities for design often comes from noticing problems.

 

Common Core Standards Assessed: ELA.RST.1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9
NGSS Assessed:  HS-ETS1-1

Time To Complete 

1-3 Hours

Research the problem_ED

What is the current state of the problem? How have others attempted to solve this problem? What do potential users want or need in a solution?
Understanding the work that others have done to address the problem is an essential step in the engineering design process. Students identify existing products (which can...

Time To Complete 

3-5 Hours

Ideate_ED

What solutions can we identify?
Work together to brainstorm potential solutions to the engineering design challenge. Focus on generating as many ideas as possible while avoiding ruling any out at this stage.
 
Common Core Standards Assessed: ELA.WHST.1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 9
...

Time To Complete 

1-3 Hours

Evaluate the Possibilities_ED

How can we choose a solution to the problem?
Select the optimum solution to move the process forward. Look to combine ideas, eliminate those that are unworkable because of constraints, and decide on two or three to flesh out before deciding on a single solution.
 
Common Core Standards...

Time To Complete 

1-3 Hours

Construct a Model or Prototype_ED

How can you make your vision into reality?
Modeling or prototyping is a powerful means of making the solution into reality. This step allows students to test their ideas.
While students may need to construct physical models to bring their ideas to life, alternative approaches may be more practical....

Time To Complete 

3-5 Hours

Improve the Design_ED

How can you improve your design?
Put your solution to the test, and seek and incorporate feedback into your design.
 
Common Core Standards Assessed: ELA.SL.1, 4, 6
NGSS Assessed:  HS-ETS1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4

Time To Complete 

3-5 Hours

Share Solutions_ED

What is the result of your design process?
Present your final product and process to your peers, including information about each stage of the design process.
 
Common Core Standards Assessed: ELA.WHST.1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 9

Time To Complete 

1-3 Hours

Reflect_ED

What did you learn through the engineering design process that could be helpful to others?
Reflect on your design process and work. After the presentation of the project, reflect on the process from beginning to end as well as yourself as a learner.
 
Common Core Standards Assessed:...

Time To Complete 

1 Hour