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Text Annotation

Description 

The Text Annotation Performance Task Guide guides students through annotating a chosen text by applying a set of helpful reading comprehension strategies.
One of the most valuable ways a learner can engage with a text is through annotation. The task of annotating a text fully shifts readers from passive to active involvement, and helps them to deepen their understanding and retention of the content, expand their vocabulary, and make meaningful connections to the text. An annotated text becomes a future resource to the reader, as key ideas, questions, and connections are lifted from the page by the margin notes, highlights, and other annotating strategies. Fluency with text annotation strategies ensures students will be better positioned to manage the increasing reading load in college with efficiency and effectiveness. In life after school, text annotation remains a valuable and time-saving strategy, whether for reading over a lease agreement, studying for a certification, analyzing a case briefing, or comparing vendor contracts.

Opportunities for Student Choice 

Students can be allowed to choose the format and audience of their annotated text. They might choose to present it as footnotes or endnotes, as a companion volume, as a teacher’s guide, or as a student study guide. They can choose to publish it digitally or on paper, and to share it with a range of possible audiences, including publishing it so that it is accessible to online communities. Students can be allowed to choose the text they will annotate, within certain parameters. Students can choose to which portion of the text they apply each of the target comprehension strategies. Students may be allowed to choose several comprehension strategies from a menu of possible options.

Authentic Task 

Text annotations appear in multiple authentic contexts: student study guides, teacher guides, footnotes and endnotes, and companion volumes for particularly challenging or rich texts.

Opportunities for Exhibition to an Audience 

Depending on the format that a student chooses, there are multiple possible audiences for this document. Study guides can be published digitally or on paper and shared in the classroom, with another class, or in the school library. Study guides can also be shared with an online community of students. Teacher guides can be shared with teachers in the school and/or with online communities of teachers. Footnotes, endnotes, and companion annotation volumes can be added to the class and school library and/or shared with an online community.

Grade Level Exemplars/Models 

There are few available examples of the finished product of a polished annotation. With the exception of the “expert” level, these should be considered examples of the work in progress, and not the finished product.

Elementary Schoolhttp://chartchums.files.wordpress.com/2013/09/img_0879.jpg

MIddle School: http://www.gpisd.org/cms/lib01/TX01001872/Centricity/Domain/1042/Annotat...

High School:

 

Downloadable Resources 
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Explore Text Annotations_Annotated

What is annotation and how do people use it?
Develop a clear enough understanding of the characteristics and uses of annotation to be able to explain your understanding to others.
 

Common Core Standards Assessed: CCRA.RL.9, RL.10 

Time To Complete 

1-2 Hours

Text Annotation Performance Tasks Rubric

What are the expectations for this performance task?  

Each performance task has a single-point rubric, which lays out the expectations for college-and career-ready performance. This type of rubric allows teachers to provide specific, focused feedback without limiting students’ creativity or putting a ceiling on their...

Summarize_Annotated

How can I use summarizing to better understand and remember what I read?
Learn to retell the major events or points of a text succinctly and in the order in which they appeared.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 hours

Questioning_Annotated

How can I use questioning to better understand and attend to what I read?
Learn to ask authentic and guiding questions about a text.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Connect Text-To-Self_Annotated

How can I use text-to-self connections to better understand and engage with what I read?
Learn to make connections between what you are reading and your own experiences.

 

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Clarify_Annotated

How can I use clarifying to better understand what I read?
Learn to identify and then clarify points of confusion in your reading.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Predict_Annotated

How can I use predicting to better understand what I read and to stay more engaged?
Learn to make logical predictions about the content of your reading.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Identify Main Ideas_Annotated

How can I find the main idea of what I read?
Learn to identify the main idea(s) of a piece of text.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10
  • CCRA.R.2

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Connect Text-To-Text_Annotated

How can I find connections between and within texts in order to deepen my understanding of what I read?
Learn to make connections within a text and between texts in order to deepen your understanding of what you read.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10
  • CCRA.R.3

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Connect Text-To-World_Annotated

How can I make connections between what I read and what I know about the world?
Learn to make connections between your reading and your knowledge of the world in order to understand your reading more deeply.

 

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 Hours

Connect Form and Meaning_Annotated

How can I identify literary tools and connect the form of literature with its meaning?
Learn to analyze the form of a piece of writing, and to explain how this form contributes to the meaning of the text.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.4
  • CCRA.R.5

Time To Complete 

6-10 hours

Make Inferences_Annotated

How can I make inferences about a text that help me to understand it better?
Learn to connect text clues with prior knowledge in order to make logical inferences.

 

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 hours

Evaluate_Annotated

How can I evaluate what I am reading?
Learn to use your analysis of a text’s content and form to evaluate the text.

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.R.1
  • CCRA.R.10

Time To Complete 

4-6 hours