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Determine Your Purpose_EXP


What do I want my writing to accomplish?
Determine what you want to get your audience to know or do based on reading your essay.

Time To Complete 

1 Day

Common Core Standards 

  • CCRA.L.3
  • CCRA.SL.4
  • CCRA.W.4
Possible Activities 
  1. Do a mini-lesson on how writers may change their style based on their purpose (to inform, persuade, entertain or call to action).

  2. Give students case studies (for example, how would a politician who believes in doing away with gun laws have to write differently to a if he was trying to inform the audience about the issues verse if he were trying to persuade voters to adopt a bill or law and have students work in groups to identify how purpose can affect the content and format of an essay. 

  3. Have students consider their purpose and write a paragraph explaining what they want to accomplish with their writing and how this information can help shape the content and form of their work

  4. Give the entire class a topic such as “Highlights of Our School”.  Divide students in to groups of 3-4. Give each group a card with a specific purpose (to inform, to entertain, to persuade, to call to action), and a specific audience such as a local business interested in donating resources or students interested in attending the school. Have each group write a paragraph directed to the specified audience with a specified purpose. For best results, use butcher paper. When students have completed their writing, ask each group to read it to the class. If they used butcher paper, have them tape the essay to the wall. Have students guess the audience and purpose, noting key components. Note differences in writing on the board. 

  5. Have students determine their purpose and write a purpose statement for their work.  Pair-share with a partner for feedback and ideas

  6. For practice have students write about a topic in letters with two different purposes (for example one letter to entertain and other to inform) Students can work with peer groups

Downloadable Resources 
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